Command Reference

# yotta

Synonyms: yt

The yotta command is always run with a subcommand in order to do something, yotta with no subcommand will only display help and version information with the --help and --version options. yt can be used as a shortcut for yotta in all commands.

Options:

  • yotta --version: Display the version of yotta.
  • yotta --help: Display help for yotta, including a list of subcommands.
  • yotta <subcommand> --help: display help for a specific subcommand.

Additional Options that can be used with all subcommands:

  • yotta --plain <subcommand>: Don’t use coloured output.
  • yotta --noninteractive <subcommand>: Don’t wait for user input.
  • yotta --target <targetname>: Override the currently set target for this command (useful when isolating several instances of yotta)
  • yotta --config <configfile or JSON>: Override the target and application-defined configuration. This is useful in CI infrastructure to easily change the configuration for a particular build.

# yotta init

Synopsis

yotta init

Description

Create a new module.json module-description file based on a set of questions. If a module.json file already exists, the values in it will be used as defaults, and it will not delete anything from the file.

# yotta build

Synopsis

yotta build [--generate-only] [--debug-build] [--cmake-generator <cmake-generator-name>] [name ... ]
yotta build [ ... ] -- [ build-tool arguments ]

Description

Build the current module and its dependencies. Missing dependencies will be automatically installed first.

If no name arguments are specified then the current module’s tests will be built, but not the tests for any other module. Use the yotta build all_tests to build the tests for all dependency modules.

yotta uses CMake to control the build, the basic process is:

  1. yotta installs the target description for the build target
  2. yotta installs all module dependencies (which may depend on which target is being built for)
  3. yotta generates CMakeLists.txt describing the libraries and executables to build
  4. yotta instructs CMake to generate the make files / ninja files / IDE project file (depending on --cmake-generator)
  5. yotta instructs CMake to execute the build. The compiler used depends on the CMake Toolchain file provided by the active yotta target.

For more information on the yotta build process, see the build system reference.

Options:

  • --generate-only, -g: only generate the CMakeLists, don’t build

  • --debug-build, -d: build a debug (less-optimised) build.

    The effects depend on the target (this selects CMake build type Debug), but generally this means no optimisation, and NDEBUG is not defined.

  • --release-build, -r: build a release (optimised) build. deprecated

    The effects depend on the target (this selects CMake build type RelWithDebInfo). This option is deprecated because it is now the default, unless --debug-build is specified.

  • --cmake-generator, -G: specify the CMake Generator. CMake can generate project files for various editors and IDEs.

  • name ...: one or more modules may be specified, in which case only these modules and their dependencies will be built. Use all_tests to cause all tests to be built.

  • -- ...: any options specified after -- are passed unmodified on to the tool being used for building (e.g. Ninja, or make)

Generating IDE Project Files

The -G/--cmake-generator option can be used to generate project files for various IDE and text editors. This option is passed through to CMake, but note that only IDE project files which use Ninja or Makefile build systems will correctly support cross-compilation for yotta targets.

To see the CMake generators available on your platform see cmake --help.

Examples

Build this module and its tests:

yotta build

Build the tests for all dependencies:

yotta build -d all_tests

Generating IDE project files:

yotta build -d -G "Sublime Text 2 - Ninja"
yotta build -d -G "Eclipse CDT4 - Ninja"

Passing options through to the build system:

yotta build -G "Unix Makefiles" -- -j 4
yotta build -- -v

Synopsis

yotta search <string> [--keyword=<keyword>] [--limit=<N>]
yotta search module <string> [--keyword=<keyword>] [--limit=<N>]
yotta search target <string> [--keyword=<keyword>] [--limit=<N>]

Description

Search for open-source yotta modules and build targets that have been published to the yotta registry.

The results will be listed in combined order of search relevance and popularity.

Options:

  • --keyword, -k: specify keywords to constrain the search (use multiple times for multiple keywords, modules returned will have all of the specified keywords)
  • --limit, -l: limit the number of results returned

Examples

yotta search logging
yotta search module logging
yotta search target -k mbed-official -k mbed-target:k64f

# yotta test

Synopsis

yotta test [--list] [--no-build] [ build-arguments ] [tests-to-run ...]

Description

Run tests. If no arguments are specified, then the tests for the current module will be run, use yotta test all to run the tests for all modules.

The target description provides support for the test command if it is a cross-compiling target (no support is necessary to run tests natively). The scripts.test value in the target description is executed with $program expanded to the path to the binary, it should be a wrapper script that loads the binary at the specified path onto the target device, runs it, and prints output on standard output.

Options:

  • --list, -l: List the tests that would be run, rather than running them. Implies --no-build.
  • --no-build, -n: Don’t build anything, try to run already-built tests. Things will fail if all the specified tests are not built!
  • This command also accepts the options to yotta build, which are used if building.

Examples

yotta test
yotta test --list all
yotta test -n my-test
yotta test --config="path/to/test-config.json"

# yotta debug

Synopsis

yotta debug <program>

Description

If the target description supports it, launch a debugger attached to the specified executable.

Examples

yotta debug test/simplelog-test
yotta debug source/helloyotta

# yotta target

Synopsis

yotta target
yotta target <targetname>[@url-or-version-spec] [-g] [-n]

Description

Display or set the current target. yotta will look for and install a target description from the yotta registry when building or installing dependencies. If you run yotta target in an existing module then yotta will attempt to download the target description immediately, unless -n is specified.

Targets define the options and commands that yotta uses to compile modules and executables.

A target must define a CMake Toolchain file describing all of the rules that yotta uses to build software, it may also define commands to launch a debugger (used by yotta debug).

If -g is specified when setting the target, then it will be saved globally (in the user settings file). Otherwise the specified target will be saved for the current module only, in a .yotta.json file.

If the target is set both locally and globally, then the locally set target takes precedence.

Examples

yotta target x86-osx-native
yotta target frdm-k64f-gcc@^2.0.0

# yotta install

Synonyms: yotta in

Synopsis

# in a module directory:
yotta install
yotta install <module>[@<version>]
# anywhere:
yotta install <module>[@<version>] [--global]

Description

Install a module, including modules that it depends on.

Typical usage is:

yotta install <module>

Which installs <module> and its dependencies, and saves it in the current module’s description file.

A <module> is one of:

  • a name, in which case the module is installed from the public registry (https://yottabuild.org)
  • a github spec (username/reponame), in which case the module is installed directly from github. This can include private github URLs.

yotta install (no arguments, in a module folder)

In a module directory, yotta install will check for and install any missing dependencies of the current module. Options:

  • --install-linked: also traverse into any linked modules, and install their dependencies. By default linked modules are not modified. Note that without this option all the required dependencies to build may not be installed.

yotta install <module> (in a module folder)

In a module directory, yotta install <module> will install the specified module, and any missing dependencies for it.

The installed version of the module will be saved as a dependency into the current module’s module.json file. This uses the ^ semantic-version specifier to specify that only minor version updates are allowed to be installed, unless the module has a 0.x.x version number, in which case the ~ semantic-version specifier is used restrict updates to patch versions only.

yotta install <module> (anywhere)

Download the specified dependency, and install it in a subdirectory of the current directory. Options:

  • --global: install the specified module into the global modules directory instead.

Examples

yotta install simpleog
yotta install ARM-RD/simplelog

# yotta update

Synonyms: yotta up

Synopsis

yotta update
yotta update <module>

Description

Update all of the current modules dependencies to the latest matching versions. Or, if a module is specified, update only that module and its dependencies.

Options:

  • --update-linked: update the dependencies of linked modules too.

# yotta version

Synonyms: yotta v

Synopsis

yotta version [patch | minor | major | <version>]

Description

Bump the current module’s version, set a new version, or display the current version. patch, minor and major declare which part of the major.minor.patch version number to bump.

If the current module is version-controlled by mercurial or git, then the new version is tagged. If the module is version controlled but the working directory is not clean, then an error message is printed.

# yotta login

Synopsis

yotta login

Description

Authenticate with the yotta registry. yotta will open a browser to an OAuth login page on the yotta registry, where you can then log in with either GitHub or mbed. This process generates a secret access token that is saved in your yotta configuration file, and which yotta can use to pull from private repositories that you have access to on GitHub or mbed.

You must log in before you can publish modules. Access control for publishing is based on email addresses verified by GitHub/mbed, you can see the email address of the owners with permission to publish a given module using the yotta owners command.

No information other than your email address, and a public key generated by your yotta client, is stored by the yotta registry. Even someone with access to the yotta registry’s database would not be able to publish modules in your name without stealing information that never leaves your computer!

# yotta logout

Synopsis

yotta logout

Description

Remove all saved authentication information from the current computer. Does not revoke access tokens, as GitHub returns the same access token for each computer that you log into yotta on. If you wish to revoke access tokens you can do so on your GitHub account page.

# yotta whoami

Synopsis

yotta whoami
yotta who

Description

Display the primary email address(es) that you are currently authenticated to. If you are not logged in then this will return a non-zero status code, otherwise the status code is 0.

Examples

> yotta whoami
friend@example.com

> yotta logout
> yotta whoami
not logged in

# yotta publish

Synopsis

yotta publish

Description

Publish the current module or target to the public yotta registry, where other people will be able to search for and install it.

Any files matching lines in the .yotta_ignore file (if present) are ignored, and will not be included in the published tarball.

Synonyms: yotta ln

Synopsis

yotta link (in a module directory)
yotta link <modulename>
yotta link /path/to/a/module

Description

Module linking allows you to use local versions of modules when building other modules – it’s useful when fixing a bug in a dependency that is most easily reproduced when that dependency is used by another module.

To link a module there are two steps. First, in the directory of the dependency:

yotta link

This will create a symlink from the global modules directory to the current module.

Then, in the module that you would like to use the linked version of the dependency, run:

yotta link <depended-on-module-name>

When you run yotta build it will then pick up the linked module.

This works for direct and indirect dependencies: you can link to a module that your module does not use directly, but a dependency of your module does.

The variant of the command which takes a path to an existing module (e.g. yotta link ../path/to/a/module) performs both steps in sequence, for convenience.

WARNING: yotta uses directory junctions to provide links on windows. Some command line tools are not aware of directory junctions and will recurse through them (such as the version of rm that ships with msys). Be careful if you recursively delete your yotta_modules folder. yotta itself will never modify or remove files through a link, and windows explorer will also treat them correctly.

Directories

When you run yotta link, links are created in a system-wide directory under YOTTA_PREFIX, and the links in that directory are then picked up by subsequent yotta link <modulename> commands.

On linux this defaults to /usr/local, and on windows to the python installation directory (normally c:\Python27). To change this directory (e.g. to make yotta link things into your home directory), set the YOTTA_PREFIX environment variable.

Synopsis

yotta link-target (in a target directory)
yotta link-target <targetename>
yotta link-target /path/to/a/target

Description

Like module linking, target linking allows you to use local versions of targets when building modules – it’s useful when developing and testing target descriptions.

To link a target you need to perform two steps. First, in the directory of the target:

yotta link-target

This will create a symlink from the global targets directory to the current target.

Then, in the module that you would like to use the linked version of the target, run:

yotta link-target <targetename>

When you run yotta build (provided you’ve set yotta target to <targetname>), the linked target description will be used.

The variant of the command which takes a path to an existing module (e.g. yotta link ../path/to/a/module) performs both steps in sequence, for convenience.

See also yotta link.

# yotta list

Synonyms: yotta ls

Synopsis

yotta list [--all]
yotta list [--json]

Description

List the installed dependencies of the current module, including information on the installed versions. Unless --all is specified, dependencies are only listed under the modules that first use them, with --all dependencies that are used my multiple modules are listed multiple times (but all modules will use the same installed instance of the dependency).

The --json option will cause the list to be output in JSON format, for example:

{
  "modules": [
    {
      "name": "toplevel-module-name",
      "version": "1.0.0",
      "path": "/some/path/on/disk/toplevel-module-name",
      "specifications": [
        {
          "version": "~0.11.0",
          "name": "some-dependency-name"
        }
      ]
    },
    {
      "name": "some-dependency-name",
      "version": "0.11.7",
      "path": "/some/path/on/disk/yotta_modules/some-dependency-name",
      "linkedTo": "/some/path/on/disk/some-dependency-name",
      "specifications": [
        {
          "version": "ARMmbed/some-test-dependency#^1.2.3",
          "name": "some-test-dependency",
          "testOnly": true
        }
      ]
    },
    {
      "name": "some-test-dependency",
      "version": "1.5.6",
      "path": "/some/path/on/disk/yotta_modules/some-test-dependency",
      "errors": [
        "a description of some error with this module"
      ]
    }
}

# yotta uninstall

Synonyms: yotta unlink, yotta rm, yotta un

Synopsis

yotta uninstall <module>

Description

Remove the specified dependency of the current module (or destroy the symlink if it was linked).

# yotta owners

Synonyms: yotta owner

Synopsis

yotta owners list [<modulename>]
yotta owner add <email> [<modulename>]
yotta owner remove <email> [<modulename>]

Description

List, add, or remove owners from the specified module or target. Owners are people with permission to publish new versions of a module, and to add/remove other owners.

If the current directory is a module or target, then the module name is optional, and defaults to the current module.

# yotta licenses

Synopsis

yotta licenses [--all]

Description

List the licenses of all of the modules that the current module depends on. If --all is specified, then each unique license is listed for each module it occurs in, instead of just once.

NOTE: while yotta can list the licenses that modules have declared in their module.json files, it can make no warranties about whether modules contain code under other licenses that have not been declared.

# yotta config

Synopsis

yotta config

Description

Display the merged config data for the current target (and application, if the current module defines an executable application).

The config data is produced by merging the json config data defined by the application, the current target, and any targets the current target inherits from recursively. Values defined by the application will override those defined at the same path by targets, and values defined in targets will override values defined by targets they inherit from.

The config data displayed is identical to the data that will be available to modules when they are built.

See the config system reference for more details.

# yotta outdated

Synopsis

yotta outdated

Description

List modules for which newer versions are available from the yotta registry.

# yotta shrinkwrap

Synopsis

yotta shrinkwrap

Description

Create a yotta-shrinkwrap.json file in the current module, which specifies the exact versions of dependencies and target descriptions currently being used.

When a module with a yotta-shrinkwrap.json file is installed, the versions specified in the shrinkwrap will be downloaded from the public yotta registry, instead of the latest versions that satisfy the specifications from module.json files. When a shrinkwrap file is present, dependencies will always be downloaded from the registry, not from git/other URLs.

In practise this allows an application or module to specify a known-good set of dependencies that it should be used with.

Note that generally publishing modules with a yotta-shrinkwrap.json file to the yotta registry should be avoided. The exact versions specified in the shrink-wrap could easily cause version conflicts with other modules which depend on the same modules.

The format of the yotta-shrinkwrap.json file is:

{
  "modules": [
    {
      "version": "1.0.0",
      "name": "first-module-name"
    },
    {
      "version": "0.11.7",
      "name": "a-dependency-name"
    },
    ...
  ],
  "targets": [
   {
     "version": "1.2.3",
     "name": "some-target-name"
   },
   ...
  ]
}